Galtonosides A-E: Antiproliferative and Antiplasmodial Cholestane Glycosides from Galtonia regalis

An extract of Galtonia regalis from the Natural Products Discovery Institute showed moderate antiplasmodial activity, with an IC50 value less than 1.25 μg/mL. The two known cholestane glycosides 1 and 2 and the five new cholestane glycosides galtonosides A–E (37) were isolated after bioassay-directed fractionation. The structures of the new compounds were determined by interpretation of their NMR and mass spectra. Among these compounds, galtonoside B (4) displayed the most potent antiplasmodial activity, with an IC50 value of 0.214 μM against the drug-resistant Dd2 strain of Plasmodium falciparum.

Yongle Du, Brooke A. Martin, Ana Lisa Valenciano, Jason A. Clement, Michael Goetz, Maria B. Cassera, David G. I. Kingston. J Nat Prod. 2020 Mar 31. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b01064.

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